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Authors: Hossain, DR. Mir Md. Afzal
Keywords: Goat, Long bone fracture, Incidence, Modified Robert Jones bandage, Intramedullary pinning.
Issue Date: Jun-2018
Publisher: A thesis submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Surgery Department of Medicine and Surgery Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Chittagong, Bangladesh
Abstract: Orthopedic conditions leading to critical magnitude of bone defects like comminuted fractures, open fractures with necrotized bone fragments, close fracture, bone tumours and osteomyelitis are always a great challenge to veterinary surgeons. Objectives of the research work aim to study the incidence of long bone fracture in goat, to evaluate the outcome of fracture mangement techniques and to study the complications, if any. The study was conducted at Shahedul Alam Quaderi Teaching Veterinary Hospital (SAQTVH), Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), from January 2016 to December 2016. A total of 2439 clinical cases in goats were reviewed in this study where 39 cases were recorded in long bone fracture. So, overall incidence of long bone fracture was 1.59%. Higher incidence of fracture was found in cross breed (58.9%), below 6 months of age (46.1%), and in male (59.0%). According to nature, type, location of fracture, bone involved in fractures, highest incidence was found in oblique fracture (84.6%), metacarpal bone (84.2%), and mid diaphyseal fracture (71.0%). Out of 39 cases of long bone fracture, minimum six cases were included into two groups, group I and group II, based on fracture patient assessment score for the study of fracture management technique. Modified Robert Jones bandage was used in group I cases, where intramedullary (Steinmann) pin with or without wire was used for group II cases and parameters studied for fracture management in both groups were lameness grading and radiographic evaluation. In group I and group II, all animals were showed no observable lameness at the 45th days of post fracture management except case no. 8 of group I and case no. 5 in group II. Malunion and abnormal gait were noticed in one case of group I where pin tract discharge, pin migration and wire loosening were recorded as post-operative complications in group II. Modified Robert Jones bandage is more suitable and economic for field condition especially for metacarpal and metatarsal bone fracture and intramedullary pinning technique is more suitable for humerus and femur bone fracture.
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