Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern of E. coli and Salmonella in Layer Poultry
Authors: Amin, Khaled Bin
Keywords: Layer bird, E. coli, Salmonella, Antimicrobial, Antimicrobial Resistance, Public health.
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi-Ctg
Abstract: E. coli and Salmonella resistance to the commonly used antimicrobials both in the public health and veterinary practice is one of the major threats of health care worldwide. The present study was undertaken to determine the antimicrobial resistance pattern of E. coli and Salmonella strains isolated from commercial layer from different layer farm under Chittagong district of Bangladesh, during the period September to December, 2012. Isolation and identification of E. coli and Salmonella was done by using different methods. Isolated E. coli and Salmonella were tested for resistance to 10 different antimicrobial agents, using disc diffusion method. The E. coli were found 100% resistant to Tetracycline, Ciprofloxacin, Enrofloxacin and Pefloxacin followed by Amoxycillin (84.62%), Kanamycin (69.24%), Colistin (63.75%), Doxycyclin (53.75%) and Neomycin (23.08%). Besides E. coli isolates show high sensitivity to Gentamycin (100%) and Neomycin (76.92%). Among the Salmonella isolates 100% were found resistant to Amoxycillin and Tetracycline followed by Enrofloxacin (87.5%), Ciproflpxacin (87.5%), Pefloxacin (87.5%), Doxycycline (50%), Colistin (50%) and Kanamycin (50%). Salmonella isolates showed high sensitivity (100%) to Gentamycin and Neomycin. The present study confirms the significant increase of the resistance level in E. coli and Salmonella isolated from poultry isolates. This is, probably, due to increase use of antibiotics as feed additives for growth promotion and prevention of disease, overlooking the proper withdrawal period, resistance transfer among different bacteria, and possible cross-resistance between antibiotics used in domestic animals and those used in human medicine.
Appears in Collections:Clinical Report

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Cover page 5.docx156.85 kBMicrosoft Word XMLView/Open
full rerport.docx1.97 MBMicrosoft Word XMLView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.