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Authors: Anik, Md. Shafiul Alam
Keywords: Seasonal variation, phytoplankton, nutrients, northern BoB, Banglades
Issue Date: Aug-2022
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary & Animal Sciences Universiy,Chattogram
Abstract: Phytoplankton has profound influence in ocean biogeochemical processes and contributes in ocean productivity. Bio-diversity, fisheries, and food production are directly impacted by ocean and coastal production, in the fight against climate change. Phytoplankton abundance, availability and its distribution are concerned to this study along the northeastern Bay of Bengal (BoB). Standard techniques were used to measure the fluctuations in coastal productivity (Chlorophyll-a), dissolved nutrients and other physicochemical parameters. To initiate the study, two coastal areas were selected as Cox's Bazar and Kutubdia, each having two sampling stations. The sampling were done following seasonal pattern of BoB as pre-monsoon, monsoon, post-monsoon and winter during the hydrological cycle 2021-22. During the sampling period, three classes of dominating phytoplankton were identified as Bacillariophyceae, Dinophyceae, and Coscinodiscophyceae. Among the three major groups of phytoplankton, total eleven prominent genera were identified. The highest amounts of phytoplankton was recorded in Cox`s Bazar (st1) as 3.931×103 Cells/ L while, in Kutubdia (st3) the amount reported as 2.471×103 Cells/L during monsoon period. The Bacillariophyceae taxonomic family was the most common type of phytoplankton found in all samples. The number of phytoplankton was found to be positively correlated by Chlorophyll-a and nutrients availability. Chlorophyll (Chl-a) content was investigated 0.1986-0.741 µg/L, whereas nutrients concentration (nitrite, phosphate, silicate) showed the crucial factors for phytoplankton abundance specified in statistical test. The other physico-chemical parameters also showed statistically significant changes (p<0.05) among the four seasons and stations. Furthermore, these finding may assist policymakers in enhancing management strategies for ensuring water quality and the phytoplankton population as it indicates a wide spectrum of primary productivity which come from coast or sea. Keywords: Seasonal variation, phytoplankton, nutrients, northern BoB, Bangladesh
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