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Authors: Shafinul Islam, Md
Keywords: Socio-economy, Farmers, Economic analysis, Broiler farming.
Issue Date: Apr-2022
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University. Khulshi, Chattagram-4225
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine the differences in the socio-economic conditions of broiler farmers in Gazipur Sadar, Gazipur. A total of 20 commercial broiler farms were selected. The study was carried out from 17 February to 17 April 2022. The farmers and farming were assessed using data obtained in a pre-structured questionnaire and analyzed. The research was conducted to determine the farmer's socioeconomic level. Geographic distribution, husbandry and feeding procedures, a health-protection program, and the cost and return from the flocks are all discussed. Results show that the overall broiler farming in Gazipur Sadar Upazila is profitable where the average weight gain was highest in Farm-9 & Farm-10. Feed intake was found highest at 3.4kg per bird in 3.4kg in Farm-9 & Farm-15. The best Feed conversion ratio was found in Farm-2 & Farm-7 (1.77). The highest mortality rate was found at 3.5% in Farm- 4, Farm- 10, Farm- 17. Whereas highest livability rate was found at 97.9% in Farm-3, Farm-9 & Farm-16. The broiler performance efficiency factor of this study is found higher 137.82 in Farm- 2. In our study, all the selected farms maintained better management, but Farm-9 has the highest value of 3.81 of the Broiler Farm Economy Index. The cost involved per bird of selected farms was found highest 160.52 TK in Farm-5, whereas highest return per bird 277.2 Tk in Farm 13, highest benefit per bird was found 119.25 Tk in Farm-10 & Benefit-cost ratio was determined best 1.75 in Farm-9 & Farm-10. Overall economic analysis from different aspects it is found that Farm-9 has better condition than rest of the selected farms. This study revealed that comparatively rich farmers (40% had 4.95 acres of land) were involved in farming. There were variations in source of investment (25% own, 60% bank loan, 10% from money lenders with interest, and 5% from money lenders without interest), farming as an occupation for the farmers (40% main and 60% subsidiary occupation), Flock Size ( majority of flocks comprised 2000-3000 birds), management skills of the farmers (30% high, 45% medium & 25% poor), sources of drinking water (80% have own tube-well), latrine condition (75% have sanitary latrine) and health status of the farmers (35% good, 50% moderate and 15% poor). However, the overall goal of this study is to estimate the economic analysis of broiler farming and to examine the socioeconomic state of broiler farmers in Gazipur Sadar Upazila. According to the findings of the study, farmers always felt intimidated to grow broiler chickens owing to a variety of issues. Though the likelihood of broiler farming was shown to be great, the facility was discovered to be quite low. The study concludes that broiler farming is profitable and has the 8 potential for economic empowerment, food/nutritional security, and long-term rural development if significant problems are solved.
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