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Authors: Selim Mia
Keywords: Antibiotic, Antimicrobial Residues, Health Hazard, Drug, Treatment, Withholding period
Issue Date: Sep-2020
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh
Abstract: Antibiotics are life saving drugs for both human and animal health. But indiscriminate application of antibiotics in food animal might result in deposition of residues in meat, milk and eggs which are not permitted in food intended for human consumption. Although use of antibiotics is necessary in treatment of animal diseases, a withdrawal period must be observed until the residues are negligible or no longer detected. Concern over antibiotic residues in food of animal origin occurs in two ways; one is production of direct toxicity in human, second is whether the low levels of antibiotic exposure would result in alteration of microflora, cause disease and the possible development of resistant strains which cause failure of antibiotic therapy in clinical situations. A withdrawal period is established to safeguard human from exposure of antibiotic added food. Heavy responsibility is placed on the veterinarian and livestock producer to observe the period for a withdrawal of a drug prior to slaughter to assure that illegal concentration of drug residue in meat, milk and egg do not occur. But their indiscriminate use will produce toxicity in consumers. In this report we reviewed different published articles and discussed about different kinds of commonly used antibiotics in Bangladesh, their mode of action, uses, withdrawal period and also antimicrobial residue, Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) for veterinary residues, prevalence of antimicrobial residue, treatment effects of antimicrobial residue, acceptable daily intake and public health importance of antimicrobial residue in livestock and poultry.
Appears in Collections:Clinical Report

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