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Title: Antibiotic using trends in commercial poultry farms in Chattogram
Authors: Hoque, Ashraful
Keywords: Antibiotic usage, Clinical cases, Veterinarians, Infectious Bursal Disease, Coccidiosis, Colibacillosis, Necrotic enteritis, Salmonellosis, Antibiotic residues and resistant etc.
Issue Date: Sep-2021
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh
Abstract: Antibiotics are used inappropriately and improvidently in Bangladeshi poultry farms to compensate for poor management methods and illiteracy. Despite this, no available data on antibiotic usage patterns or farm management strategies in poultry farms exist. The purpose of this study was to learn about the farmers' perspectives on antibiotic use in different clinical cases of poultry. A total of 100 prescriptions were collected from veterinary hospitals, poultry farmers, registered veterinarians’ chamber, veterinary pharmacy of Sitakunda upazila of Chattogram district during February to August 2021. Among 100 clinical cases, the percentage of Infectious Bursal Disease was found 21%, Coccidiosis 20%, Colibacillosis 10%, Necrotic enteritis 5%, Salmonellosis 4% and other mixed infections were less than 10%. The use of antibiotics records for these diseases were calculated and analysed. Among the antibiotics levofloxacin was recorded 16.25%, ciprofloxacin 15%, enrofloxacin 12.50%, doxycycline 8.75%, colistin sulphate 6.25%, gentamicin 6.25%, norfloxacin 5% and combination of amoxicillin and levofloxacin 6.25%, enrofloxacin and levofloxacin 6.25% and others are less than 3%. The study reveals that antibiotics used inappropriately and in undisciplined manner to cure different types of clinical diseases of poultry such as viral and coccidian cases as well. Antibiotic residues and resistance are a consequence of this indiscriminate use of antibiotics. Therefore, government authorities should establish necessary enactment to reduce indiscriminate use of antibiotics.
Appears in Collections:Clinical Report

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