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Title: Prevalence of different diseases, disease conditions and therapeutic options in domestic animals at Upazila Veterinary Hospital and Livestock office, Sadar, Noakhali.
Authors: Das, Ankon
Keywords: Diseases, Prevalence, Treatment, Domestic animals
Issue Date: Nov-2021
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh
Abstract: The economy of Noakhali district is predominantly agricultural which is suitable for livestock production. A large number of domestic animals of different species usually visit Sadar Upazila Veterinary Hospital (SUVH) every day from different areas for treatment of sick animals and other veterinary health services. Therefore, to know the prevalence of diseases and therapeutic options usually provides, a study was conducted using clinical data of all the cases that came to SUVH, Noakhali during December 2020 to March 2021. The data was collected from paper-based record keeping system of SUVH. Based on history, general physical examination, special physical examination, laboratory diagnosis the presumptive or confirmatory diagnosis was performed and treatment was given. A total 807 number of cases came from 17 different areas. The highest number came from Noakhali Pourosobha 43.5% followed by Ewazbalia 17.5% and Ashwadia 9.2% where goat 46%, cow 35%, calf 10%, buffalo 4%, bull 3%, cat 0.37%, dog 1%, sheep 1%. A total 59 types of diseases and disease conditions were recorded. Among them specific diseases were 20.32%, non-specific diarrhoea 14.75%, other digestive disorders 6.44%, skin disorders 6.82%, respiratory tract infections 3.71%, urogenital disorders 3.10%, poisoning 0.25%, surgical cases 8.18%, others 35.8%. For the treatment, antibiotics 29.86%, antihistaminic 28.13%, anthelmintics 30.48%, NSAID 33.09%, fluid therapy 19.83%, ectoparasiticide 13.26%, multivitamin 42.01%, others 26.39% were used. Highest used antibiotic was sulfadimidine 16.60% followed by penicillin 14.52%, ceftriaxone 12.86%, metronidazole 10.37% and other types of antibiotics 45.65%. In 246 cases anthelmintic drugs were used in which fenbendazole 39.0% used in highest percentage followed by oxyclozanide 38.6% and others. Highest used antihistaminic and NSAID was pheniramine maleate 72.2% and paracetamol 30.7%, respectively. Commonly used ectoparasiticide was trichlorphon 47%.
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