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Title: A Production report on Biosecurity Management in relation to the risk of HPAI outbreaks in backyard poultry farming in Raozan Upozila, Chattogram,Bangladesh.
Authors: Rasel, Mohammad
Keywords: Backyard poultry holdings, Biosecurity, Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, HPAI and H5N1 virus, Bhutan
Issue Date: Jan-2019
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh
Abstract: Background: A questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the biosecurity and other practices of backyard poultry farmings and knowledge and practices of poultry keepers following an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) virus in poultry in Raozan Upozila, Chattogram,Bangladesh. Results: The study identified 62 backyard poultry holdings in 12 settlement areas, and the owners were subsequently interviewed. The birds are kept in a low-input low-output system, fed locally available scavenging feed base, and supplemented with food scraps and some grain. Although the birds are housed at night in a small coop to protect them against theft and predators, they are let loose during the day to scavenge in the homestead surroundings. This invariably results in mixing with other poultry birds within the settlement and wild birds, creating favorable conditions for disease spread within and between flocks. Moreover, the poultry keepers have a low level of knowledge and awareness related to the importance of biosecurity measures, as well as veterinary care of the birds and reporting systems. Of particular concern is that sick birds within backyard holdings may not be detected rapidly, resulting in silent spread of disease and increased risk of humans contacting the virus (e.g. HPAI) from infected poultry. Nevertheless, all the respondents have indicated that they know and practice hand washing using soap and water after handling poultry and poultry products, but rarely use face-masks and hand gloves while handling poultry or cleaning poultry house. Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of educating poultry keepers to improve the housing and management systems of poultry farming within the backyard holdings in Raozan Upozila, Chattogram in order to prevent future disease outbreaks.
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