Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Sahidur Rahman, MD.
Keywords: Antibiotic residue, raw and processed milk, TLC, UHPLC, public health
Issue Date: Dec-2019
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh
Abstract: Veterinary antibiotic residue in milk is a serious public health concern especially when present above the maximum residual level (MRL). It causes bioaccumulation of drug residues in human body might lead to the condition of antibiotic resistance, antibiotic allergy and disruption of normal flora in intestine. Besides, residual antibiotics may also influence starter cultures in dairy food industry and deteriorate the quality. A cross-sectional study was designed to qualitative and quantitative determination of antibiotic residue in raw and processed milk and its public health significance at Chattogram Bangladesh. A standard questionnaire was developed and supplied to a total of 101 farm owners to assess the perspective of farmers regarding antimicrobial use and its residue. Residues of five commonly used veterinary antibiotics were measured in about 300 raw and processed milk samples using thin layer chromatography (TLC) and ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method. Study revealed that the prevalence of antimicrobial residues was higher (6%) in individual milk samples than the pooled samples (4%). However, no processed packet milk samples were detected as positive. The mean concentration of oxytetracycline and amoxicillin was found 61.29 μg/l and 124 μg/l in milk, respectively. Hazard Quotient based risk analysis showed the estimated daily intake of oxytetracycline (0.0056 μg) and amoxicillin (0.0017 μg) residue against 165 ml per capita milk consumption is lower than the accepted daily intake which is 30 μg and 200 μg respectively. Results generated might enrich the database about the status and associated risk of milk produced and marketed in the region. Large scale continuation of this study is necessary to provide the basis for the development of national action plan through One Health approach aiming the knowledge and skill development of farmers, veterinarians and other stakeholders regarding production and marketing of safe milk to ensure better public health security.
Appears in Collections:Thesis-MS

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Title pages printable.pdf481.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
last thesis printable.pdf1.09 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.