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Title: Prevalence of Ectoparasites, Gastrointestinal Parasites and Blood Protozoan Infection of Pigeon in Chattogram Metropoliton Area, Bangladesh
Keywords: Ecto-Parasites, Gastrointestinal Parasites, Blood Protozoa, Pigeon, Prevalence
Issue Date: Dec-2022
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Khulshi-Chattogram
Abstract: A cross sectional study was done with the aim to estimate prevalence of ectoparasite, gastrointestinal parasite and blood parasite infections in pigeons (Columba livia) in different parts the Chattogram metropolitan area in Bangladesh. A total of 130 pigeons were checked for ectoparasites, gastrointestinal parasites and blood protozoa. The analysis was conducted between the dates of 1 July 2022 to 31 December 2022 at the Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences Univesity, Chattogram. For identification of gasteointestinal parasite we performed direct smear, sedimentation technique and simple floatation method and for morphological identification of ectoparasite I used microscope and giemsa stain for blood protozoa. All acquired information was entered into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and analysed using SPSS version 13. The study found that 59.2% of pigeon had ectoparasites on their skin. Out of 4 different ectoparasites identified, Lipeurus caponis (38.5%) caused the most infections. Columbicola columbae (31.5%) and Menopon gallinae (23.1%), which were more common than Menacanthus straminius (15.4%). Four species of gastro-intestinal (GI) parasites were identified, including Ascaridia sp., Capillaria sp., Heterakis sp., and Syngamus trachae. Ascaridia sp., Capillaria sp., Heterakis sp., and syngamus trachea had respective prevalences of 37%, 33.8%, 17%, and 5.4%. The prevalence of GI parasites was 62.31% and 45 (34.6%) pigeons had blood protozoa. Two species of protozoa, including Haemoproteus sp. (21.5%) and Leucocytozoon sp. (13.10%) were identified. The epidemiological study showed that the number of pigeon with parasites in their GI tract, ecoparasites, and blood protozoa was pretty high during the study period. Housing, sex, and deworming all might have a big effect on the prevalence rate. Thus, more epidemiological studies are needed to determine Chattogram district pigeon parasitic infection.
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