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Title: Surgical management of obstructive urolithiasis in a male calf: A case study
Authors: Md. Shaparan
Keywords: : Calf, Foley’s catheter, Tube cystotomy, Urolithiasis
Issue Date: Nov-2022
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary & Animal |Sciences University
Abstract: Obstructive urolithiasis is considered a major health problem in livestock animals mainly in young males due to the anatomical conformation of their urinary tract. This study was conducted on a six-month-old calf that suffered urethral obstruction for 7 days. The animal owners call for doctors at upazilla veterinary hospital. After clinical history and physical examination, it was diagnosed as having urethral obstruction and considered for emergency surgery to avoid possible rupture of the urinary bladder. The most effective method for treating small ruminants with obstructive urolithiasis was tube cystostomy with a Foley catheter. Following surgery, broad-spectrum antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, and calculolytic medications like ammonium chloride were given to the patient. There was no found complication during surgery or postoperative time. The animal completely recovered within 7 days. For the treatment of urolithiasis in ruminants, tube cystostomy is an easy, affordable, and highly effective procedure in field conditions.
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