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Authors: Rahman, Md. Mahbubur
Keywords: Neem leaf, Sheep, Anthelminthic, Meat quality, Digestibility
Issue Date: Jun-2022
Publisher: Chattogram Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Khulshi-Chattogram
Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding of different proportions of neem tree leaves with/without concentrate mixture on the feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain, carcass parameters, as natural anthelmintic and meat quality of sheep. Hybrid neem leaves were harvested from 1 to 3 years age trees. After collection of leaf the fresh samples were dried at sunlight and then grounded into powder using a laboratory grinder. After grinding the powder were kept in plastic bags for Laboratory analysis and further use as Animal feed in experimental diet. A total 12 indigenous sheep with initial body weight approximate 12kg were selected from a flock of 30 animals of the CVASU animal farm. The animals were quarantined for seven days to get them used to their new environment and to observe their health condition. At the end of the quarantine period, the sheep was randomly allocated into four dietary treatments in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications, each containing three animals. Concentrate mixture was replaced with dry neem leaves (foliage) at 0, 50, 100 and 150g among remaining 300g of diet and four experimental treatment were as: T1, 300g concentrate mixture; T2, 250g concentrate mixture + 50g dry neem foliage; T3, 200g concentrate mixture + 100g dry neem foliage; T4,150g concentrate mixture +150g dry neem foliage. All animals were weighed before morning feeding at the start of the experiment and each week interval. Daily faecal samples (2 days / week) were collected from each animal in the morning and this was continued for 6 weeks for the McMaster faecal egg counting. At the end of the feeding trial after two months, two sheep were randomly selected from each treatment and were slaughtered for determination of carcass and meat quality and collection of rumen fluid for estimation of in- vitro digestibility of the dietary supplements. Dry matter percentage of neem foliage, leaf, stem were 34.79%, 32.42%, 37.87% respectively. It is observed that neem stem contents more dry matter than leaf and foliage. Neem leaf has more moisture content than foliage and stem. Leaf content more ash, CP than other part of plant whereas stem content more fiber than leaf and foliage. The average daily weight gain of sheep increased significantly with increased amount of dry neem leaf and significantly higher live weight and superior feed conversion efficiency were found sheep fed T3 and T2 diet compared to other diet. After 14 days of trial start mean nematode faecal egg counts (E.P.G) decreased rapidly in neem treated group compared to those fed control diet. The sheep ix fed dietary supplements using 50gm to 100gm dry neem foliage had significantly (P<0.05) higher hot carcass percentage and numerically higher dressing yield compare to those fed other diet. Significantly (P<0.05) lower cook loss and drip loss was obtained sheep fed 100 to 150g dry neem foliage used in dietary treatments that is T3 and T4. In conclusion, 30% (100g) neem leaf meal can be used in dietary supplements to increase performance, digestibility and meat quality of sheep and to reduce feed cost and increase of net return of sheep rearing
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